Biography of Lech Walesa
Lech Walesa was born on 29 September 1943 who is a politician, trade union organizer, and human-rights activist. A phenomenal leader who co-founded Solidarity, the Soviet bloc’s first independent trade union and served as President of Poland . Walesa was an electrician by trade. Soon after beginning work at the Gdańsk Shipyards, he became a objector trade-union activist. Walęsa was interested in workers’ concerns so he encouraged shipyard colleagues to boycott official rallies. He was an organizer of the illegal 1970 strikes at the Gdańsk Shipyard where workers protested the government’s decree raising food prices. There he was considered for chairman of the strike committee. Because of his involvement in protest he lost his job and started working as an electrician for several other companies. When he became a co-founder of the Solidarity trade-union movement, he was arrested after the martial law was imposed in Poland and Solidarity was outlawed. But he was glued to his activism and was prominent in the establishment in Round Table Agreement that led to semi-free parliamentary elections in June 1989 became the president of Poland and transformed Poland from a communist to a post-communist state. Wałęsa always tried to speak and lecture in Poland and abroad on history and politics. Walęsa worked with the Workers’ Defence Committee (KOR). In June 1978 he became an activist of the underground Free Trade Unions of the Coast (Wolne Związki Zawodowe Wybrzeża). In 1980, after another food-price hike led to a strike at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdańsk where he became one of the strike leaders. He headed the Inter-Plant Strike Committee, coordinating the workers at Gdańsk and at 20 other plants in the region. However, Because of Walesa’s contribution the Strike Coordinating Committee legalized itself as the National Coordinating Committee of the Solidarność (Solidarity) Free Trade Union, and he was chosen chairman of the Committee. Gradually the Solidarity trade union quickly grew, ultimately claiming over 10 million members more than a quarter of Poland’s population. Walęsa’s role in the strike, in the negotiations, and in the newly formed independent trade union helped him to achieve fame on the international stage. Walęsa co-founded the first overt legal Solidarity entity named the Provisional Council of NSZZ Solidarity (Tymczasowa Rada NSZZ Solidarność). After months of strikes and political deliberations, the government agreed to enter into Round Table Negotiations where Walęsa was an informal leader of the “non-governmental” side and at last the government signed an agreement to re-establish the Solidarity Trade Union and to organize “semi-free” elections to the Polish parliament. Walęsa was one of Solidarity’s most public figures; though he did not run parliament himself, he was an active campaigner. But Solidarity winners in the Sejm elections were referred to as “Walęsa’s team” or “Lech’s team, In 1990, Walęsa won the presidential election, defeating Prime Minister Mazowiecki. In 1993 he founded his own political party, the Nonpartisan Bloc for Support of Reforms .Walęsa supported Poland’s entry into NATO and into the European Union. After the end of his presidency, Walesa founded the Lech Walęsa Institute, to support democracy and local governments in Poland and throughout the world. He is member of the international advisory council of the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation and a recipient of the Truman-Reagan Medal of Freedom. He is a steadfast opponent of abortion, and has said that he would rather have resigned the presidency twenty times than sign into law a bill permitting abortion in Poland. He Got Nobel Peace Prize for his Charismatic works as well as many other international distinctions. He Was “ Man of the Year” of 1981 titled by “Time Magazine”. He was also awarded Liberty Medal. A airport was renamed from Gdańsk International Airport to Gdańsk Lech Wałęsa Airport to remember this phenomenal persona. There are several books which are written by Walesa : Droga nadziei (The Road of Hope, 1987), Droga do wolności (The Road to Freedom, 1991), and Wszystko, co robię, robię dla Polski (All That I Do, I Do for Poland, 1995). He appeared behind the camera a quality number of times. A film was also made on him named “Walesa” directed by Oscar-winning filmmaker Andrzej Wajda. It was a biographical film.